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Get the first and last moment of a day in Javascript

Get the first and last moment of a day in Javascript

Here are 2 ready-to-use functions to get the first and last millisecond of a day using a few lines of vanilla JavaScript.

Get the first moment of a day

/**
 * Get first millisecond of a date
 * @param {Date} dateObj - JS Date object, default is current time
 * @returns date object with time set to first millisecond of the day
 */
const beginningOfDay = function beginningOfDay (dateObj) {
  //Get current date
  const now = dateObj || new Date();
  const year = now.getFullYear();
  const month = now.getMonth();
  const day = now.getDate();

  return new Date(year, month, day);
};

1. Set a default value to the date argument

In case of no argument we set the date to current date and time. The below basically means if dateObj is defined set now to that, otherwise set it to a new Date object.

const now = dateObj || new Date();

2. Extract the date data

new Date() returns the current date and time. Similarly, any Date object you input as an argument will probably also have a time. To get the start of a day we will need a fresh start. For that we first extract the year, month and day.

const now = dateObj || new Date();
const year = now.getFullYear();
const month = now.getMonth();
const day = now.getDate();

3. We generate and return a "fresh" date

By generating a new Date using year, month and day as arguments you set the date of the JavaScript Date object. Because you didn't set the time, JS will set it to the first value which is 0 (0 hours, 0 minutes, 0 seconds, 0 milliseconds) .

return new Date(year, month, day);

Get the last moment of a day

/**
 * Get last millisecond of a date
 * @param {Date} dateObj - JS Date object, default is current time
 * @returns date object with time set to last millisecond of the day
 */
const lastMomentOfDay = function lastMomentOfDay(dateObj) {
  //Tomorrow = Current day + 1
  let tomorrow = beginningOfDay(dateObj);
  tomorrow.setDate(tomorrow.getDate() + 1);

  //Tommorow - 1 milisecond = result
  let result = new Date();
  result.setTime(tomorrow.getTime() - 1);
  return result;
};

1. Get the first moment of the next day

We leverage the function we wrote above (have a 🍪 for keeping your code DRY).

  let tomorrow = beginningOfDay(dateObj);
  tomorrow.setDate(tomorrow.getDate() + 1);

2. Subtract a millisecond from tomorrow

Remember, we got the first moment of tomorrow. If we subtract a millisecond from that, we will get the last millisecond the the day before, which is exactly what we are looking for.

 
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